Benin will help you with any book or any question. The first regions of the world to be industrialized were Western Europe, then North America, followed by Eastern Europe and Asia. What effect did the industrial revolution have on gender roles at home and in the workplace? “The World’s Top Economies.” Investopedia, 7 July. The unprecedented economic change started to spread from Great Britain to Continental Europe in the 19th century. Cambridge University Press, 2012. Visit this site's About page to find out more about Rebecca. During the first industrial revolution, which occurred from between 1750 and 1850, industrialization was more prevalent in the northern states while the south remained primarily agrarian. What were the advantages and the disadvantages of the industrial revolution? “Why the industrial revolution didn’t happen in China.” Washington Post, 28 Oct. 2016, In the second phase, known as the cultural revolution, which occurred between 1966-1976, much of the population was chased out of urban cities in order to undergo “peasants’ education” in an effort to strengthen the nation’s commitment to socialist ideals through the purging of intellectuals and other “bad elements.”. Belgium was the second country in Europe in which the industrial revolution took place and the first nation in continental Europe. Also, in 1958, in order to reduce overcrowding in cities, China began restricting the number of people allowed to come into the cities from rural areas. The rest of Europe didn’t industrialize until after 1850. Kennedy, Rita. Some of these reasons are: continued foreign exploitation of Africa’s natural resources, widespread poverty, widespread corruption in many African governments, a lack of tariffs protecting African industries and a lack of infrastructure. Mali Japan adopted steam power, began constructing steel works and built a national railroad system. Photo by United States Office of War Information. Cambridge University Press, 1995. best books about the industrial revolution, View all posts by Rebecca Beatrice Brooks, Of Plymouth Plantation by William Bradford. Japan then exported its silk abroad in exchange for foreign goods like modern weapons. In the third phase, which occurred between 1978 to today, China began to drastically industrialize by building millions of small-scale factories throughout the country. Spread of the Industrial Revolution from Great Britain. What ways did the Industrial Revolution mark a sharp break with the past? Mauritania “Cash Crops Versus Food Crops in Africa: A Conflict Between Dependency and Autonomy.” Transafrican Journal of History, Vol. There were no such things as trains, telephones, or cameras. The pace of industrialization, however, varied greatly from one country to another, while Britain retained its economic superiority until the outbreak of World War 1 in 1914. In addition, industrialization in Austria-Hungary was marked by major disparities between different parts of the country. Historians conventionally divide the Industrial Revolution into two approximately consecutive parts. East Timor Majumdar, Sumit K. India’s Late, Late Industrial Revolution: Democratizing Entrepreneurship. 2016, Start your 48-hour free trial to unlock this answer and thousands more. “Top 25 Developed and Developing Countries.” Investopedia, 28 Sept. 2016, The British society in the 18th century was aristocratic, however, the British aristocracy supported commerce and manufacturing at the same time when non-agricultural activities were despised by the land owning upper classes elsewhere in Europe. What is called the first Industrial Revolution lasted from the mid-18th century to about 1830 and was mostly confined to Britain.The second Industrial Revolution lasted from the mid-19th century until the early 20th century and took place in Britain, continental Europe, North America, and Japan. Most people had to grow and hunt their own food, make everything they owned (like their homes, clothes, and tools), and travel by foot (or a horse or carriage if they were wealthy). Gambia Nicholas, Tom and Matthew Guilford. Lancashire cotton mill, steam powered weaving shed, photo published in More Pictures of British History, circa 1914. This halted any plans Great Britain may have had to develop India’s textile industry and instead led to India’s deindustrialization, with British lawmakers pushing the country to become more agrarian than industrial.


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