Late in the 17th Century, it was carried to Burma and, 100 years later, to India. There are instances where it does get as high as 92 ft or 28 m. Lychee wood has a bark that looks grey-black, with the branches being a reddish brown. Native to Southeastern Asia, this golf ball-sized tropical fruit looks similar to a strawberry. There are also extensive plantings in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Burma, former Indochina, Taiwan, Japan, the Philippines, Queensland, Madagascar, Brazil and South Africa. Fruit 1 1/3 in (3.4 cm) long, heart-shaped to oval; rough, red, with green interspaces; skin firm and leathery; flesh [ivory] to white, soft, sweet; seed shrunken, like a dog's tooth. Sliced lychees, congealed in lime gelatin, are served on lettuce with whipped cream or mayonnaise. Pureed lychees are added to ice cream mix. Fruit less than 1 1/2 in (4 cm) long; usually oblong-conical; dark-red with greenish interspaces; skin rough, firm and leathery, slightly adhering to the flesh; flesh grayish-white, soft, of good, sweet flavor. Selection 1-18-3 and was given the name 'Groff' in 1953. One tree of outstanding character (a seedling of 'Hak Ip') was first designated H.A.E.S. 'Kaimana', or 'Poamoho', an open-pollinated seedling of 'Hak Ip', developed by Dr. R.A. Hamilton at the Poamoho Experiment Station of the University of Hawaii, was released in 1982. Lychee has an innate tendency to simply blend into any home. When conditions favor rotting, dusting with fungicide will be necessary. The fruit is bright-red, elongated, very rough, with thin flesh, acid flavor and large seed. Once you get the hang of it, peeling and enjoying this fruit is a refreshing summer treat. Others are the six-spotted mite, Eotetranychus sexmaculatus, the leaf-footed bug, Leptoglossus phyllopus, and less troublesome creatures such as the several species of Scarabaeidae (related to June bugs) which attack leaves and flower buds. To a small extent, lychees are also spiced or pickled, or made into sauce, preserves or wine. In 1920, Professor Groff obtained seedlings of 'Shan Chi' (mountain lychee) from Kwantung Province, together with air-layers of 'Sheung shu wai', 'No mai ts 'z', and 'T' im ngam' (sweet cliff). The larvae of a native leaf beetle, Exema nodulosa, has been found puncturing and girdling lychee branchlets 1/8 to 1/4 in (3-6 mm) thick. These trees are typically grown for either their fruit or to serve as an ornamental tree. Containers for stacked trays or fruits not so arranged, must be fairly shallow to avoid too much weight and crushing. This ensures that you get a continuous piece. Decoctions of the root, bark and flowers are gargled to alleviate ailments of the throat. The glossy leaves are very resistant to fungi. The skin should give a little when pressed, but if it’s too soft, it’s probably overripe. Sun-drying on coir-mesh trays took 15 days and the results were good except that thin-skinned fruits tended to crack. Tests at CSIRO, Div. Or the fruit may be stuffed with a blend of cream cheese and mayonnaise, or stuffed with pecan meats, and garnished with whipped cream. Chinese people enjoy using the dried flesh in their tea as a sweetener in place of sugar. Lichens and algae commonly grow on the trunks and branches of lychee trees. Fruit less than 1 3/8 in (3.65 cm) long; mainly conical, rarely ovate; orange-red to carmine with blackish-brown tubercles; skin rough, firm, non-adherent; flesh creamy-white, soft; very sweet, of very good flavor except for slight bitterness near the seed. This is a great benefit to have if you are interested in painting your dining table to look a certain way and to have a certain feel. It was, in olden times, a special fruit for presentation to high officials and other persons in positions of honor. It can be eaten fresh, dried, or canned. Nevertheless, it is not commonly planted. Visit us now to find out more! It does best when grafted onto the 'Mountain' lychee. In India, leaf spot caused by Pestalotia pauciseta may be prevalent in December and can be controlled by lime-sulphur sprays. Because of this long history of cultivation, China has become the major producer of all Lychees, with India and other Southeast Asia countries following behind. 'Peerless', believed to be a seedling of 'Brewster', originated at the Royal Palm Nursery at Oneco; was transplanted to the T.R. In India, leaf spot caused by Pestalotia pauciseta may be prevalent in December and can be controlled by lime-sulphur sprays. Seed-feeding Lepidoptera, especially Cryptophlebia ombrodelta and Lobesia sp. Improvements in Colonel Grove's system later included the use of constant mist in the shadehouse. It ripens early. In India, certain of the various auxins tried stimulated root formation, forced early maturity of the layers, but contributed to high mortality. Hot-air-blast at 160º F(70º C) dries seedless fruits in 48 hours. In fact, 92 modifications have been recorded and experimented with in Hawaii. The only recommended way to experience the awesomeness that is a table derived from Lychee wood is to feel one for yourself and have a look at it. The fruit is round with medium-smooth skin, a rich red outside, pink inside; and leaking juice. This cultivar, the centuries-old 'Chen-Tze' or 'Royal Chen Purple', renamed 'Brewster' in Florida, from the northern limit of the lychee-growing area in China, withstands light frost and proved to be very successful in the Lake Placid area–the "Ridge" section of Central Florida. Zinc deficiency is evidenced by bronzing of the leaves. Its evergreen leaves, 5 to 8 in (12.5-20 cm) long, are pinnate, having 4 to 8 alternate, elliptic-oblong to lanceolate, abruptly pointed, leaflets, somewhat leathery, smooth, glossy, dark-green on the upper surface and grayish-green beneath, and 2 to 3 in (5-7.5 cm) long. Diseases Keep the pot moist and warm (between 75 and 90 F., or 24 and 32 C.). In the Cook Islands, the trees are planted on a 40 x 20 ft (12 x 6 m) spacing–56 trees per acre (134 per ha)–but in the 15th year, the plantation is thinned to 40 x 40 ft (12 x l2 m). Frozen, peeled or unpeeled, lychees in moisture-vapor-proof containers keep for 2 years. Individual fruits are later clipped from the cluster leaving a stub of stem attached. Heavy rain or fog during the flowering period is detrimental, as are hot, dry, strong winds which cause shedding of flowers, also splitting of the fruit skin. When trying to determine the shape you would want your dining table to be, you should be aware that the best way to get your lychee wood is to get a single solid slab. Tentative classifications grouped these into 3 distinct types–'Kwai Mi' ['Mauritius'], 'Hak Ip' (of high quality and small seed but a shy bearer in the Low-veld), and the 'Madras', a heavy bearer of choice fruits, bright-red, very rough, and with large seeds, but very sweet, luscious flesh. Florida researchers have demonstrated the feasibility of drying untreated lychees at 120º F (48.8º C) with free-stream air flow rates above 35 CMF/f2.


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