Following this, the World Health Organization has launched a review into the safety of drinking microplastics. Seemingly every year a new record is set with respect to sales of bottled water. Healthy drinking: Bottled water or tap water. [4] But it remained popular in Europe, where it spread to cafés and grocery stores in the second half of the century. [29], Bottled water has lower water usage than bottled soft drinks, which average 2.02 L per 1 L, as well as beer (4 L per 1 L) and wine (4.74 L per 1 L). . If you dig our mission and agree news should never sit behind a paywall, donate today to help support our work. [25], The National Association for PET Container Resources (NAPCOR), the trade association for the PET plastic packaging industry in the United States and Canada, identifies five major, generic end-use categories for recycled PET plastic: 1) packaging applications, including new bottles; 2) sheet and film applications, including some thermoforming applications; 3) strapping; 4) engineered resins applications; and 5) fiber applications. In the United States, bottled water and tap water are regulated by different federal agencies: the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) regulates bottled water and the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates the quality of tap water. All rights reserved. Due to contaminated water being widespread, in the mid-1980s urban families started installing filtration units at home. Using a dye called Nile Red, which binds to free-floating pieces of plastic, the university's Prof Sherri Mason found an average of 10 plastic particles per litre of water, each larger than the size of a human hair. [87] Some bottled water manufacturers in the United States add fluoride to their product, or provide a fluoridated bottled water product. [30][29] In the United States, bottled water production represents 0.011% of annual water consumption. While many brands do bottle their water at sources consistent with their messaging, others are simply selling you tap water at a cost 30 times what you would pay by drinking your water at home. Thirty-two percent of the 173 bottled-water brands failed to disclose information about their treatment procedures or water purity on the label. Many brands of bottled water use carefully chosen names and visuals to evoke imagery of a babbling brook or crystal-clear spring deep in the untouched mountains of some faraway countryside. A “distinct character profile” and not quite 1/3 legit? © 1999-2020 Grist Magazine, Inc. All rights reserved. Several studies have examined the content of fluoride and other chemicals in bottled water as well as the accuracy of these values as printed on the labels showing some significant difference between labeled and measured value. "[77] On a global scale, markets for bottled water in poorer developing countries are growing rapidly due to increased fears of “contaminated tap water, inadequate municipal water systems, and increased marketing on the part of bottled water companies.”[77] Sales of bottled water in Mexico, China, and parts of India are rising steeply.[77]. The other 45 percent of brands is mostly treated tap water. "Smaller categories still saw growth as the U.S. liquid refreshment beverage market shrunk by 2.0% in 2008, Beverage Marketing Corporation reports". This type of bottled water can certainly contain some contaminants, due to the fact that this tends to be “surface water.” In other words, municipal water can come from open aqueducts, reservoirs, water runoff from snow melt, or any water that is sourced from the surface of the ground. The FDAR works in partnership with Health Canada and Canadian in developing the policies regarding bottled water. [10] Today, PET plastic has replaced glass as the preferred material for single-serving bottled water containers due to its light weight and resistance to breaking. In fact, the industry is over 500 years old, though the sales back in the 1500s were certainly a far cry from the nearly $16 billion worth of sales recorded in 2016. Most drinking water around the world comes from wells – holes dug through the earth reaching below the water table. Some of the regulations include: labeling terms, safety standards (i.e. [35], The Council of Canadians, a social action organization, stressed the need for bottled water industry reform after launching a boycott of Nestlé in September 2016 after the company outbid a small town aiming to secure a long-term water supply through a local well as the country battles drought and depletion of ground water reserves. Carbonated waters developed to reproduce the natural effervescence of spring-bottled water, and in 1809 Joseph Hawkins was issued the first U.S. patent for "imitation" mineral water. As a result, despite spending $11 billion a year on bottled water, most Americans don’t know much about the origins of these beverages. Sparkling water just like mineral water must come from a natural source and contains naturally occurring dissolved carbon dioxide. The reason why so many brands opt to use California as the source of their water is convenience – most company headquarters and facilities are located in California, making it easier for companies to continue bottling there. All spring sources are in Maine and meet a distinct character profile, — News from Nestlé (@nestlemedia) February 19, 2013.


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