Dr. Joseph Murray performs the first kidney transplant between identical twins. In Science and Technology. Geron initiates the first FDA approved clinical trial using embryonic stem cells. These are the questions that SI-CODE addresses, aiming to make a big leap forward in improving the understanding of the code used by neurons to transmit information with potential applications in innovative brain machine interfaces (BMIs). First federal approved gene therapy performed on a girl with immune disorder by Dr. W. French Anderson at NIH Clinical Center. It is aimed at all age groups so everyone can understand the good work EU funding can do. 6,000 BCE. 5,700 BCE. Neolithic peoples of Central Asia began the practice of milking their animals, and the natural enzymes in the carrying containers curdled the milk, essentially making yogurt. He coined the term to describe the merging of biology and technology. The Biomedical Applications of Electromagnetic Energy workshop features the technological developments made by the project Semiconductor-based Ultrawideband Micromanipulation of CAncer STEm Cells (SUMCASTEC). US FDA approves "Flavr Savr Tomato" developed by Calenge, a small biotech company. The Department of Energy (DOE) and their partners in the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium announced that The Human Genome project is completed, providing information on the locations and sequence of human genes on all 46 chromosomes. FET-Open project SUMCASTEC workshop on biomedical applications of electromagnetic energy, New booklet shows how EU research and innovation funding impacts your daily life, Pioneering power generation from olive mill waste, Coordinating a FET project: the personal experience of Michela Chiappalone at BRAINBOW, The future of human-machine interaction at the SI-CODE FET Open project, Exploring biodiversity to produce sustainable cosmetics and agrochemicals, Reproducing plant-production processes for key drugs, European researchers improve technology for next-generation biofuels, Crossing borders to find an alternative rubber supply. Those who have piloted the technology say the added comfort and visual information will allow surgeons to operate more efficiently and effectively. The first transgenic animals are produced by transferring genes from other animals into mice. Dr. Maynard Olson and colleagues at Washington University invent yeast artificial chromosomes, which are expression vectors for large proteins. The FDA approves Amgen’s first biologically derived human therapeutic for treatment of cancer. Yogurt and cheese made with lactic acid-producing bacteria by various cultures, Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek discovers and describes bacteria and protozoa, Edward Jenner uses first viral vaccine to inoculate a child from smallpox, Louis Pasteur discovered the bacterial origin of fermentation, Gregor Mendel discovers the laws of inheritance, Robert Koch develops a technique for staining bacteria for identification, Louis Pasteur develops vaccines against bacteria that cause cholera and anthrax in chickens, Louis Pasteur and Emile Roux developed the first rabies vaccine and use it on Joseph Meister. EU-funded researchers are looking to commercialise cutting-edge technology that converts toxic olive oil waste into heat and electricity, bringing environmental and economic benefits to some of the most underdeveloped regions of Europe. Humulin, Genentech's human insulin drug produced by genetically engineered bacteria for treatment of diabetes, first biotech drug approved by Food and Drug Administration. From there the teams and the lead scientist Dr Takashi Tsuji, cultivated human skin. Alexander Fleming notices that certain mold could stop duplication of bacteria, leading to the first antibiotic, pencillin. Expansión europea y el descubrimiento de América, Estância Demétria: Patrimônio da Agricultura Biodinâmica e da Antroposofia, Evolución la Educación a Distancia y el E- Learning. 5,800 BCE. Cheese & Yogurt Yogurt and cheese made with lactic acid-producing bacteria by various cultures 1675. The United States Food and Drug Administration approved the first DM food: “Flavr Savr” tomato, invented by Monsanto. Karl Ereky uses the word biotechnology for the first time. Menu. Other scientists, like Rosalind Franklin and Maurice Wilkins, also contributed to this discovery. Researchers at the J. Craig Venter Institute create the first synthetic cell. Alexander Fleming notices that a certain mold could stop the duplication of bacteria. Timeline created by am8888f. It is only two centuries since the concept of selective breeding was applied scientifically to farm animals, helping produce cows, sheep and goats with traits such as lean muscles, disease resistance and efficient reproduction. The NIH, the U.S. Army and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are significantly involved in the development and clinical testing of the vaccine. The first vaccine for hepatitis A is developed. The first human artificial chromosome is created. The first federally approved gene therapy treatment is performed successfully by William French Anderson, on a young girl who suffered from an immune disorder. Edward Jenner uses the 1st viral vaccine to inoculate a child from smallpox. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek discovers/describes bacteria and protozoa. This experiment was conducted by various scientists from Japan, Korea, China, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Louis Pasteur discovers the bacterial origin of fermentation. Polymerase chain reaction conceived by Kary Mullis. These advancements have been made possible by many companies. Scientists in Switzerland clone mice. However, the so-called first-generation technology currently used to produce ethanol is energy-inefficient, offering slim carbon savings over gasoline, and it relies on edible crops such as maize and sugar beet, which some scientists argue could drive up global food prices. Louis Pasteur develops vaccines against bacteria that cause cholera and anthrax. In Science and Technology. AGROCOS is a pioneering European project which is using modern scientific techniques to explore the ancient – and still largely untapped - richness of nature to develop new products for the agrochemical and cosmetics industries. Advances in 3D printing plus innovative artist and inventor, Michael Vasilantone, lead to "skin printing.". 5,900 BCE. AGROCOS is a pioneering European project which is using modern scientific techniques to explore the ancient – and still largely untapped - richness of nature to develop new products for the agrochemical and cosmetics industries. HISTORICAL BIOTECHNOLOGY ACHIEVEMENTS. Later on, they adopted the process of making cheese. FDA approves the first cord blood therapy to be used in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation procedures in patients with disorders affecting the hematopoietic (blood forming) system. Dr. J. Craig Venter and his team replicate a bacterium's genetic structure entirely from laboratory chemicals, moving a step closer toward creating the world's first living artificial organism. The first Nanoradio is described by Alex Zettl, Japanese astronomers launched the first Medical Experiment Module called “Kibo”, to be used on the International Space Station, Cedars-Sinai Heart Institute uses modified SAAN heart genes to create the first viral pacemaker in guinea pigs, now known as iSANs. Saving animal DNA for future generations 25/03/2014 Stanley Norman Cohen and Herbert Boyer perform the first successful recombinant DNA experiment using bacterial genes. 6,000 BCE. Karl Ereky, a Hungarian agricultural engineer, first uses the world biotechnology. Researchers identify three new genes associated with Alzheimer's disease. She is also the coordinator of the BRAIN BOW FET Open project aiming to connect in vitro neuronal assemblies to an artificial system for restoring the lost neuronal functionality. Completion of a “rough draft” of the human genome in the Human Genome Project led by Francis Sellers Collins, Rice becomes the first crop to have its genome decoded. Natural rubber is a unique raw material with a whole range of applications. Around one quarter of all prescribed pharmaceuticals in the developed world are derived from plants, including well-known drugs such as morphine and codeine. Harvesting plants to derive such medicines can be slow, wasteful and very expensive, yet often no synthetic alternative exists.


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