study Rights and equality are yet two other dividing points between Hobbes and Locke. A commonality that both Hobbes and Locke hold is the necessity of government which is again contrasted by the means of recourse said government's citizens have when the government has become abusive to their rights. First, that the sovereign power is governed by the natural laws and inalienable right and are not allowed to violate them. To unlock this lesson you must be a Member. Christian theologian and intellectual St. Augustine was particularly influenced by Plato's Theory of Forms and other aspects of Greek philosophy. 250 lessons This does not seem to be fair to wolves or men. Thomas Hobbes (5 April 1588 4 December 1679). Arguably the most influential philosopher of all time, Plato, who lived from the 420s to the 340s B.C.E., was a pupil of Socrates and was concerned with understanding the true, objective nature of reality, a branch of philosophy called metaphysics. Of the two, Locke has been the most influential in shaping modern politics, our view of human nature, the nature of individual rights and the shape of popular constitutions that exist today; on the other hand, Hobbes has influenced to some degree what can be done to change a government by the people. Use specific examples from Hobbes’ Leviathan and Locke’s Civil Government (excerpted in text) to support your points. Standards reprinted with permission: Cicero lived from 106 B.C.E. They both are in favor of a popular contract or constitution, which is where the people give the power to govern to their government. You mention that Hobbes believes, “If the government were to become oppressive, Hobbes gives no justification or solution to get out of this….”. He was a Roman and is primarily known not as philosopher, but as an orator and politician. Plato's Republic is a Socratic dialogue concerning issues of politics, justice, and the role of philosophy. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. ). | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} How Do I Use's Assign Lesson Feature? The classical philosophers had a tremendous influence on philosophers who would come after them. This makes any alliance, government or ruler subject to the law rather than being above it because they or he is the author of the law. If the government were to become oppressive, Hobbes gives no justification or solution to get out of this because going back to the state of nature is worse than being subject to such a government to him. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. endstream endobj startxref Two Philosophers. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 That while there are some who are stronger than others, the weak are capable of forming confederacies to kill the stronger and so be strong themselves (Hobbes, p. 74). What comes to mind when you think of philosophy? They help to explain how we understand the universe and how we understand ourselves. - Definition, Advantages & Examples, Tech and Engineering - Questions & Answers, Health and Medicine - Questions & Answers. Get access risk-free for 30 days, His ideas of human nature are formed with a deist philosophy, meaning that he recognizes that there is a God but does not espouse any particular religion or dogma behind this being or beings. "B�Tw3�9H���IV��*p,e��X��on����F�7D֌L6���Yj�\�Y���~��ݔZy�т���^i�D�S�fܻF���ζ���8\�d��+�F��^���3��F-RF�� �| �^Ģ����OZ'�B�������^��\b�ԛ��̰EJ�\Z��vʬ���W�B�j�r\����u�C���2��+z���>%c�$��a��7���a"���aJ����2�i�5CҞ����&� A���$���4�-�����]p�FZ��C���n}�OJf�. | 23 1776. and was one of the most influential philosophers in history. As seen in his ideas being used by Thomas Jefferson in the Declaration of Independence and by the principles of separating powers included in the Constitution, his contributions justify placing him in that group of great men. In Plato's famous Republic, Socrates is presented as opposing democracy, and many scholars argue Socrates favored a government in which wise philosopher-kings rule. He is an adjunct history professor, middle school history teacher, and freelance writer. It seems that Hobbes opposition to revolution has lived on in the exclusion of this right from the founding document of the United States. Brian Middleton (author) from Southern Utah on April 18, 2013: Thank you. The foundation of modern Western philosophy rests with the ancient Greek philosophers. Philosophers in the Blogosphere: 10 Top Philosophy Blogs, Information on Programs in Greek Archaeology. Kathryn L Hill from LA on January 09, 2012: Thank you for this information. courses that prepare you to earn


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